In Spain, 4 completely different languages ​​are spoken. Namely Galician, Basque, Catalan and Castilian which is actually the real name of the Spanish language, and which is the 4th largest language in the world. Spain is a large country and the words are therefore pronounced a little differently in all the provinces of Spain. For example, the Valencian dialect is very difficult to understand. The Andalucian dialect usually omits S at the end.

Speaking Spanish is really easy! Writing is even easier. All letters are pronounced separately, except H which is not pronounced at all. Ex hola (hello) is pronounced ela. C is pronounced with a slight read, while Z has a clear read. The most important thing is to be understood and understood, not to speak grammatically correctly.

a: open a as in CAT. There are no long a as in swimming.

b and v: are quite similar and are often pronounced b instead of v, and vice versa

c: as K when it is represented by a, o and u and all consonants. As C when it is before e and i

cc: as K + S

ch: much like when sneezing: atjoo

g: as a shower when it is in front of e and i. Otherwise as a G

h: never heard

j: as a rough rake, as a soul (actually a helper)

ll: as a J, except at the end of the word when it pronounces as L

ñ: as in the Russian njet

o: as an Å

q: as a K

u: as an O, but not in words like gue, gui, que, qui. If it is pronounced, it is marked with ü

y: as a J, except in the word y (and). Then it is pronounced as an I.

z: as a reading

å, ä, ö does not exist! And no ng sound either. Other letters, just like the Swedish ones!

It is important to emphasize the words correctly. If there is no selection, (´) all letters are pronounced the same. It is also important to keep track of masculine and feminine nouns. Words ending in -o are usually masculine and words ending in -a, -d or -ción are usually feminine. (Except dia (day) which is masculine). The rest you have to find out.

The indefinite article for (m) is UN, for (f) it is UNA.

The definite article for (m) is EL, for (f) it is LA. In plural LOS for (m) and LAS for (f).

Plural usually with S at the end, sometimes es, as


First name – Number (m)

Surnames – Apellido apejido

Address – Direccion (f)

City – Ciudad

Land – Pais

Date of birth – Birth certificate

Telephone number – Telephone number   

Passport – Passports

Identitetsnummer – NIE / Nnummero de Identidad de Extranjero

Contact person and telephone number – Contact person and telephone number


I – Yo   

You – Tu

He – El

She – Ella

Nine (one person) – Out of place

We – Nosotros

Ni – Vosotros

De (m) – Ellos

The (f) – Elas

You (several people) – Ustedes

Family – Family

Sir – Señor

Wife / woman – Señora

Miss – Señorita

Dad – Padre

Dad – Dad

Mother – Mother

Mom – Mom

Son – Hijo (m)

Daughter – Hija (f)

Boy – Chico

Girl – Chica

Baby – Baby

Brother – Hermano

Sister – Hermana

Cousin – (m) Primo

Cousin – (f) Fine

Grandson – Nieto / a

Grandchildren – Sobrino / a

Grandparents – Abuelos

Friend – Amigo (m), amiga (f)

Young – Young

Adult – Adult

Old – Old / a


1 Uno = the arithmetic word. un (m), una (f)

2 Dos

3 Tres

4 Four

5 Five

6 Six

7 Siete

8 Ocho

9 Nueve

10 Diez

11 Once

12 Doce

13 Trece

14 Catorce

15 Quince

16 Decisions 

17 Diecits

18 Dieciocho

19 Decinueve

20 Veinte, veintiuno, veintidos, veintitres… ..

30 Treinta, treinta y uno, treinta y dos, treinta y tres….

40 Four, four and one, four and two, four and three….

50 Five, five and one, five and two, five and three….

60 Sesenta, sesenta y uno, sesenta y dos, sesenta y tres….

70 Set, set and one, set and two, set and three….

80 Ochenta, ochenta y uno, ochenta y dos, ochenta y tres….

90 Noventa, noventa y uno, noventa y dos, noventa y tres….

100 Cien, ciento uno, ciento dos, ciento tres⁇.

200 Doscientos (m), doscientas (f)…. OBS 500 quinientos -as

1,000 Mil

1,000,000 Un millon


What time is it? = Que hora es ”.

(At reply at 1: Es la…. At answer at 2-12: Son read…)

You only use 1-12 for the morning (por la manana) and 1-12 for the afternoon / evening (por la tarde). That is, not for example at 20.00. Instead: Son las ocho por la tarde.

Minute – Minute

Hours – Hora

Day – Dia

Night / evening – Noche

Week – Semana

Month – Mes

Year – Year

Today – Hoy

Yesterday – Ayer

I morgon – Mañana

Tomorrow you see – Mañana por la mañana

Tomorrow afternoon – Mañana por la tarde

Tomorrow evening / night – Mañana por la noche

This morning – Esta mañana

Tonight – Esta noche


Monday – Monday

Tuesday – Martes

Wednesday – Miércoles

Thursday – Jueves

Friday – Viernes

Saturday – Sabado

Sunday – Domingo

Working day – Día Laborable 

Holiday – Festivos

January – January

February – Febrero

Mars – Marzo

April – April

May – Mayo

June – June

July – July

August – Agosto

September -Septiembre

October – October

November – November

December – December

Jul – Navidad

Christmas Eve – Nochebuena

New Year – Año nuevo

New Year’s Eve – Noche fin de año

Easter week – Semana Santa


The weather – El Tiempo

Sun – Sun (m)

Shadow – Sombra (f)

Cloud – Nube (f)

Cloudy -Nublado

Dimma / dis – Niebla

Rain – Lluvia (F)

Snow – Nieve (f)

Storm – Tormenta (f)

To sun -Tomar electricity sun


Good morning, good day – Buenos dias (m), (until about 14:00)

Good afternoon – Buenas tardes (f) (after 14.00 till late)

Good evening / good night – Buenas noches (f)

Dia – Day

Hi (most common) – Hola (pronounced åla)

How is it (most common) – ¿Que tal?

How are you – ¿Como esta usted?

Wa, how – Cómo

What – Que

I do not understand – No comprendo

I don’t know – No see

I’m a stranger – Soy extranjero (m), extranjera (f)

I’m Swedish – Soy sueco (m), sueca (f)

I am Norwegian – Soy noruego (m), noruega (f)

How old are you – ¿Cuantos años tiene usted?

Welcome – Welcome

Thank you very much – Muchas gracias

Please – My favor

Thank you for visiting us – Hasta la vista

Hi so long, see you later – Hasta luego

See you soon – Hasta pronto

See you tomorrow – Hasta mañana

Hi then (for good) – Adios

Nice trip – Buen viaje

Ja Si

No / Not – No

Nu – Ahora

Nothing – Nothing

Thanks the same – Igualmente

Come in! – Adelante

Can I come in? – Puedo enters?

In Spain you are polite. For example, you are often told: favor, high and marked, when you ask for something or want something or want to call attention.

Spanish words can mean more than one thing, but you understand everything, because it depends on the context in which it was used. A good example is the word salida, which means exit on a motorway, departure at an airport and exit from a room. You leave what you are on! Easy.

Find out important words for your own sake and translate them and save. For example about illnesses, allergies, medications, etc. Write them down and take them on the walk.

Wise words

“It’s easiest to use the words you need. If you learn them, then you can do everything you need. “

Sugar – Sugar

Salt – Sal

Cream – Crema / nata

Glass – Helado

Without – Excepto

Including -Incluido

Something more? – Algo mas?

Yes, thank you, a little more – Si, un poco mas

Open – Abierto

Closed – Cerrado

Mat – Alimento

Fish – Pescado

Meat – Carne

Chicken – Pollo

Vegetables – Verduras

Seafood – Marisco

Beef – Ternera

Ham – Jamon

Tuna -Atun

East Queso

Salad – Ensalada

French fries – French fries

Baguette – Bocadillo

Orange juice – Zumo de Naranja

Milk – Leche

Salt – Sal

Butter – Mantequilla

Pay, thank you – Pay, please

Note, thank you – La Cuenta por favor

Receipt – Recibo

Switch – Cambio

Good / good – Bueno

That’s good – Está bien

Toilet – Aseo / service

Plate – Plato

Fork – Tenedor

Knife – Cuchillo

Spoon – Cuchara


Breakfast – Desayuno

Lunch (11-coffee) – Almuerzo

Lunch / dinner (2 pm) – Comida

3-coffee – Merienda

Noon – Cena

I’m hungry – Tengo hambre (I’m hungry)

I’m thirsty – Tengo custom (I’m thirsty)

Restaurant – Restaurant

Free? – Free?

Board – Mesa

Menyn, tak – Una carta, por favor

Today’s dish – Menu del dia

Wine list – Wine list

Drink – Bebidas

Butelj – Botella

Beer – Cerveza

White wine – Vino blank

Red wine – Vino rioja / tinto

Rosevin – Vino rosado

Sommarvin – Tinto de Verano

Lantvin – Vino del Terreno

Glass – Vaso

Wine Glass – Copa

Lite – Poco

A little more – Poco mas

Small – Pequeño / pequeña

Large – Large

Many – Muy

Much – Muchos / muchas

Kall – Frio / fria

Hot (food / drink) – Caliente

Water – Agua

Carbonated – Water with gas

Not carbonated – Agua sin gas / natural

Black coffee – Cafe solo

Black coffee (large) – Café Americano

Coffee and hot milk – Cafe con leche

Coffee and some milk – Cafe cortado

Coffee and cognac / anise – Carajillo


Business – Tienda

Fruit – Frutas

Flowers – Flores

Flower vase – Florero

Florist – Floristeria

Clock – Clocks

Watchmaker – Relojero

Watch Store – Relojeria

Paper – Papel

Trash – Papelera

Stationery – Papeleria

Hardware Store – Ferreteria

Opticians – Optics

Bread – Pan

Bread shop – Panaderia


Body – Cuerpo

Head – Cabeza

Eye – Ojo

Ear – Oreja

Näsa – Nariz (f)

Mun – Boca

Tooth – Serves (m)

Tongue – Language

Ben – Pierna

Knee – Rodilla

Arm – Brazo

Hug – Abrazo

Hand – Mano

Finger – Dedo

Foot – Pie (m)

Toe – Dedo del pie

Heart – Corazon (m)

Lunga – Pulmon (m)

Pneumonia – Pulmonia

Brain – Cebrero

Hair – Pelo

Pharmacy – Pharmacy

I’m sick – Estoy enfermo

I’m dizzy – Estoy mareado

Magknip – Colico

Bad – Malo

I have a fever – Tengo fever

Head – Cabeza

Ont – Doler

Migraine – Jaqueca

Headache tablet – Aspirina

Stroke – Embolia

Infection – Infeccion

Mage – Estomago

Stomach upset – Molestias de estomago

Diarrhea – Diarrhea

Dentist – Dentista

Tooth – Serves (m)

Allergic – Alergico

Doctor – Medico

Ambulance – Ambulancia

Fast – Rapido

Recipe – Recipe

Receipt – Recibo

Help – Socorro


Police Station – Estacion de policia

Polisanmälan – Report to the police

Wallet – Cartera

Pocket Thief – Carterista

Thief – Ladron

Credit card – Credit card

Postcard – Postcard

Market – Mercadillo

Saluhall – Mercado Municipal

Very cheap – Muy barato

Bag – Bolsa

Handbag – Bolso de mano

Bag – Maleta

Clothes – Shout

Shoes – Zapatos

Shirt – Camisa

T-shirt – T-shirt

The key – La llave

Room – Habitation (f)

Bed – Cama

Badrum – Bathing area

Kitchen – Cocina

Chair – Silla

Light bulb – Bombilla

Fixture / lamp – Lampara

Toilet / WC – Water (m)

Towel – Toalla

Pillow – Almohada

Lakan – Sabana

Felt – Manta

Spanish words can mean more than one thing, but you understand everything, because it depends

in what context it was used. Good examples are the word salida, which means exit

on a highway, departing at an airport and exiting a room. You leave

what you are on! Why bother.

Here are other good words:

Ord – Palabra

Before – Antes

After – Despues

Top / top – Sobre

Up / above / up – Arriba

Low / Lower / Lower – Bajo

Under – Debajo

Down – Abajo

In front – Delante

Behind – Detras

Why? -For what?

What? – What?

How / how said – ¿Cómo?

To – A

And – Y

Or – O

Off / On – They / share

Front / en route – Ida

Return / Vuelta

Good – Good / Well

New – Nuevo

Nine – Nueve

Snow – Nieve

Was -¿Donde…?

When – Cuando

How much – Cuantos / cuantas

Also – Tambien

Right – A la derecha

To the left – A la izquierda

Straight ahead – Derecho

Here / here – Aqui

There – Alli

Over there – Ahi Spanish is a good language and quite easy to learn.